State of the State
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There are 150 seats in the House (55% R) and 31 in the Senate (58% R). House members serve 2-year terms with no term limits and Senate members serve one 2-year term and two 4-year terms each decade with no term limits. Elections occur every 2 years in even years with all of the House seats and generally 1/2 of the Senate seats up every 2 years. However, all the Senate seats are up in 2022.
State Legislative Term
No regular legislative session in even years. Sessions limited to 140 calendar days in 2 years.
State Elected Officials
The Governor (R) and AG (R) are elected for 4-year terms in midterm elections with no term limits. The SOS (R) is appointed by the governor and confirmed by the state senate and serves concurrently with the governor. The next election is in 2022.
State Supreme Court
The are 9 judges, selected in partisan elections for 6-year terms and face re-election to serve again. There are currently 8 judges (all R) and 1 vacancy, with 7 of the 8 appointed by a Republican governor. Vacancies are filled by appointment by the governor and confirmed by the state senate.
US Representatives & Senators
Senate seats (R) are up in 2024 and 2026. House seats (23R and 13D) are up in even years. Texas was apportioned 2 more seats for a total of 38 in the US house after the 2020 census.
Both congressional and state legislative district lines are drawn by the state legislature, subject to veto by the governor. If the state legislature is unable to approve a state legislative redistricting plan, a commission, consisting of the lieutenant governor, speaker of the house, attorney general, state comptroller and commissioner of the general land office, draws the lines. There are currently 36 congressional (38 after redistricting), 31 state senate and 105 state house districts.
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