State of the State
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There are 100 seats in the House of Delegates (55% D) and 40 seats in the Senate (53% D). House members serve 2-year terms and Senate members serve 4-year terms with no term limits. Elections occur in odd years with all of the House seats up every 2 years and all of the Senate seats up every 4 years (in odd years before presidential election years).
State Legislative Term
January 12, 2022 - March 12, 2022. Session limited to 30 calendar days in odd years and 60 in even.
State Elected Officials
The Governor (D) and AG (D) are elected for 4-year terms in odd years after presidential election years. There are no limits on number of terms for Governor but consecutive terms are not allowed. There are no term limits for AG. The SOS (D) is appointed by the Governor and confirmed by the General Assembly for a 4-year term with no term limits. The next election for Governor and AG is in 2021.
State Supreme Court
There are 7 judges, selected by a majority vote of the Virginia General Assembly. Justices serve for twelve years. At the end of their terms, judges must be re-selected by the legislature just as they initially were. Of the 7 judges, one judge was appointed by a Democratic governor (vacancy). Vacancies are filled by the same legislative process as normally used except when the Assembly isnt in session, where the governor appoints a replacement to serve until the next session.
US Representatives & Senators
Senate seats (D) are up in 2024 and 2026. House seats (4R and 7D) are up in even years.
Congressional and state legislative district lines are established by a 16-member commission. The 16-member commission is comprised of eight legislators and eight non-legislator members. Leaders of the legislatures two largest political parties select legislators to serve on the commission. The commissions eight citizen members are recommended by legislative leaders and selected by a committee of five retired circuit court judges. The commissioners themselves select one of the eight citizens to serve as chairperson. District maps are subject to the following consensus requirements: Congressional maps: Approval by 12 commissioners, including six legislators and six non-legislators.
Virginia State Senate: Approval by 12 commissioners, including six legislators (with three state senators) and six non-legislators.
Virginia House of Delegates: Approval by 12 commissioners, including six legislators (with three state delegates) and six non-legislators.
The commission submits its maps to the General Assembly, which can vote to approve the maps or reject them. If the General Assembly rejects a map, the commission must draft a second map. If the General Assembly rejects that map, the Virginia Supreme Court is tasked with enacting a new map. There are 11 congressional, 40 state senate and 100 state house districts.
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